Etiology: Immune reaction due to gluten. It damages the lining of the small intestine — preventing absorption.
Signs and Symptoms: General signs that comes with the GI system: diarrhea, bloating, intermittent pain.
Treatments: Gluten free diet and Medications that will treat symptoms
Etiology: An autoimmune pathology. Caused by a virus. Fibrosis, necrosis, or death of the large intestinal tissue.
Signs and Symptoms: Abdominal pain in the Right Lower Quadrant, Chronic Diarrhea, Weight loss, Loss of appetite, Skin rash, and Joint pain.
Treatments: Diet, Lifestyle changes, Medication, Surgery
Etiology: Chronic inflammation and ulceration of the mucosal lining in the colon
Signs and Symptoms: Recurrent bloody diarrhea, Abdominal pain, Fever, Weight loss, and signs of dehydration
Treatments: Diet, Lifestyle changes, Medication, Surgery in severe cases, Can be life threatening
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):
Etiology: Caused by poor diet and stress, prevalent in young adult women, and results in irritation
Signs and Symptoms: Diarrhea, constipation, Bloating and abdominal distention
Treatments: Change in diet, reduction of alcohol, stress and caffeine, medications
Etiology: Inflammation of the appendix
Signs and Symptoms: Abdominal pain in the lower right quadrant, Nausea, loss of appetite, rebound tenderness, and fever.
Treatments: Immediate referral and surgical removal.
Etiology: Small, pouch-like herniation in the intestinal wall
Signs and Symptoms: Abdominal cramps, bloating, and constipations
Treatments: Dietary changes and pain medication
Etiology: Acute inflammation of the diverticula. Accumulation of intestinal matter. Caused by bacteria.
Signs and Symptoms: Abdominal pain in the Left Lower Quadrant, Fever, Chills, Vomiting, Malaise, Abdominal muscle spasms, and Constipation/diarrhea.
Treatments: High fiber diets, stool softeners, antibiotics, and hospitalization/surgery
Etiology: Dilated veins on the mucous membrane of the anus or rectum
Signs and Symptoms: Rectal bleeding and vague discomfort
Treatments: Focus on easing discomfort by having a high fiber diet, taking stool softeners, and medication.
Etiology: Categorized by location. Congenital weakness. Caused by muscle weakness and strain.
Signs and symptoms: Lump (when supine), Pain in the groin, and bowel obstruction.
Treatments: Surgery and Reduction
Etiology: An abnormal growth of cells in the colon.
Signs and symptoms: Change in bowel habits, Rectal bleeding, Cramping, abdominal pain, weakness and fatigue
Treatments: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation