Gastrointestinal Infections

Food Poisoning:

Etiology: Caused by the ingestion of food-borne bacteria.

Signs and Symptoms: Signs and symptoms typically occur within an hour or two after ingesting the contaminated food.
Non-threatening signs and symptoms include: Nausea, Vomiting, Watery Diarrhea, quadrant specific abdominal pains and cramps, and fever.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, consult a doctor right away: Inability to keep liquids down, bloody vomit and/or diarrhea, excessive pain in the abdomen, and fever higher than 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit.

Treatments: Rest, Hydration, and Antibiotic medications.

Traveler’s Diarrhea:

Etiology: Infectious diarrhea when traveling to foreign countries. It could be either viral or bacterial. Usually transmitted by the fecal-oral route.

Signs and Symptoms: Diarrhea occurs usually during your trip or shortly after you return home from your trip.
Non-threatening Signs and Symptoms: Excretion of loose stools about 3 times a day, abdominal cramps, Nausea, Vomiting and Fever.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, consult a doctor right away: Persistent vomiting, bloody diarrhea, Fever over 102 degrees fahrenheit, Dry mouth, and decreased amount of urine.

Treatment: Rest, Hydration, Antibiotic medications, Anti-motility medications, and Pepto-bismol.

Gastritis: 

What is it? Inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the stomach.

Etiology: Stomach inflammation that causes erosion of the entire mucosa

Signs and Symptoms: Burning pain in the upper abdomen, Nausea, Vomiting, Feeling of fullness after eating

Treatments: Antibiotics, H2 blockers, and Antacids.

Viral Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu):

Etiology: Transmitted from the oral-fecal route & lasts for 3 to 5 days.

Signs and Symptoms: Severe vomiting, Diarrhea, Abdominal pains, Fever, Muscle Pain

Treatments: Rest and hydration.

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