Etiology: Caused by irritation which leads to heartburn and indigestion.
Signs and Symptoms: Uncomfortable burning sensation under the sternum
Treatments: Change your diet and medications.
Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD):
Etiology: Caused by the malfunction of the esophageal sphincter
Signs and Symptoms: An uncomfortable burning sensation under the sternum, more frequent and more intense compared to GERD.
Treatment: Dietary and lifestyle changes and prescription medications.
Etiology: Protrusion of part of the proximal stomach through the diaphragm and into the thorax
Signs and Symptoms: Uncomfortable burning sensation under the sternum (more intense and more frequent than GERD).
Treatments: Medication or Surgery (in worst case scenarios)
Etiology: Caused by gastric juices. Anything that disrupts this protective barrier increases the risk of a peptic ulcer. Caused by a bacteria called H. Pylori or irregular digestion (acid imbalance)
Signs and Symptoms: intermittent pain that can improve or worsen after eating, Recurs after several weeks or months, Abdominal pain at night, and Bloody vomit.
Treatments: Avoid irritating foods, Antacids, Medications