Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders

Dyspepsia:

Etiology:  Caused by irritation which leads to heartburn and indigestion.

Signs and Symptoms: Uncomfortable burning sensation under the sternum

Treatments: Change your diet and medications.

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD):

Etiology: Caused by the malfunction of the esophageal sphincter

Signs and Symptoms: An uncomfortable burning sensation under the sternum, more frequent and more intense compared to GERD.

Treatment: Dietary and lifestyle changes and prescription medications.

Hiatal Hernia: 

Etiology: Protrusion of part of the proximal stomach through the diaphragm and into the thorax

Signs and Symptoms: Uncomfortable burning sensation under the sternum (more intense and more frequent than GERD).

Treatments: Medication or Surgery (in worst case scenarios)

Peptic Ulcer: 

Etiology: Caused by gastric juices. Anything that disrupts this protective barrier increases the risk of a peptic ulcer. Caused by a bacteria called H. Pylori or irregular digestion (acid imbalance)

Signs and Symptoms: intermittent pain that can improve or worsen after eating, Recurs after several weeks or months, Abdominal pain at night, and Bloody vomit.

Treatments: Avoid irritating foods, Antacids, Medications

 

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